Secrecy and Society online journal

Special Issues/edited collections:


‍Aistrope, Tim, and Roland Bleiker (2018) ‘Conspiracy and Foreign Policy’, Security Dialogue, first published online January 12, 

Alvarez, David (2000) ‘American Signals Intelligence and the Cuban Missile Crisis’, Intelligence and National Security, 15:1, pp.169-176.

Anaïs, Seantel and Kevin Walby (2016) ‘Secrecy, Publicity, and the Bomb: Nuclear Publics and Objects of the Nevada Test Site, 1951–1992,’ Cultural Studies, 30:6, pp.949-968.

Andelman, David A. (2013) ‘Secrecy and Security: Editor’s Note,’ World Policy Journal, 30:3, 1-2.

Andersen, Rune S., and Frank Möller (2013) ‘Engaging the Limits of Visibility: Photography, Security and Surveillance,’ Security Dialogue, 44:3, pp.203-221.

Aradau, Claudia (2017) ‘Assembling (Non) Knowledge: Security, Law, and Surveillance in a Digital World’, International Political Sociology, 11:4, pp.327-342.

Bail, Christopher (2015) ‘The Public Life of Secrets: Deception, Disclosure, and Discursive Framing in the Policy Process,’ Sociological Theory 33:2, pp.97–124.

Baker, Wayne E. and Robert R. Faulkner (1993) ‘The Social Organization of Conspiracy: Illegal Networks in the Heavy Electrical Equipment Industry’, American Sociological Review, 58:6, pp.837-60.

Balmer, Brian (2006) ‘A Secret Formula, a Rogue Patent and Public Knowledge about Nerve Gas: Secrecy as a Spatial–Epistemic Tool’, Social Studies of Science 36: 5, pp.691-722.

Bauman, Zygmunt (2011) ‘Privacy, Secrecy, Intimacy, Human Bonds – and Other Collateral Casualties of the Liquid Modernity’, The Hedgehog Review, Spring, pp.20-29.

Beauchamp, Toby (2009) ‘Artful concealment and strategic visibility: Transgender bodies and US state surveillance after 9/11,’ Surveillance & Society, 6(4), pp.356-366.

Beauchamp, Toby (2019) Going stealth: Transgender politics and US surveillance practices. Charleston: Duke University Press.

Belcher, Oliver, and Lauren Martin (2013) ‘Ethnographies of Closed Doors: Conceptualising Openness and Closure in US Immigration and Military Institutions,’ Area 45:4, pp.403–10.

Bellanova, Rocco, and Gloria González Fuster (2013) ‘Politics of Disappearance: Scanners and (Unobserved) Bodies as Mediators of Security Practices,’ International Political Sociology, 7:2, pp.188-209.

Bellman, Beryl L. (1979) ‘The Paradox of Secrecy,’ Human Studies, 4:1, pp.1-24.

Best, Jacqueline and William Walters (2013) ‘Translating the sociology of translation’, International Political Sociology 7:3, pp.345–349.

Best, Jacqueline (2007) The Limits of Transparency: Ambiguity and the History of International Finance Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Betancourt, Michael (2014) ‘The Demands of Agnotology: Surveillance’, CTheory, pp7-17.

Bigo, Didier (2006) ‘Security, exception, ban and surveillance,’ in David Lyon (ed) Theorizing Surveillance: The Panopticon and Beyond, pp.46-68.

Birchall, Clare (2011) ‘‘There’s Been Too Much Secrecy in This City’: The False Choice Between Secrecy and Transparency in US Politics,’ Cultural Politics, 7:1, pp.133–56.

Birchall, Clare (2011) ‘Introduction to ‘Secrecy and Transparency’ The Politics of Opacity and Openness,’ Theory, Culture & Society 28:7-8, pp.7-25.

Birchall, Clare (2011) ‘The Politics of Opacity and Openness’, Theory, Culture & Society, 28:7-8, pp.1-19.

Birchall, Clare (2014) ‘Radical transparency?,’ Cultural Studies? Critical Methodologies 14:1, pp.77-88.

Birchall, Clare (2014) ‘Aesthetics of the Secret’, New Formations, 83:3, pp.25-46.

Birchall, Clare (2016) ‘Managing Secrecy’, International Journal of Communication, 10, pp.152-163.

Birkinshaw, Patrick (2006) ‘Transparency as a Human Right’ in Christopher Hood and David Heald (eds.) Transparency: The Key to Better Governance? Oxford: OUP, pp.47-56.

Birmingham, Peg (2010) ‘A Lying World Order: Political Deception and the Threat of Totalitarianism,’ in Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics, edited by Roger Berkowitz, Jeffrey Katz, and Thomas Keenan, New York: Fordham University Press, pp.73–78.

Bissell, Kate (2016) ‘State Secrets’, The History of Secrecy, BBC Radio, available online at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0864zjm

Blas, Zach (2016) ‘Opacities: An Introduction,’ Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 31:2 92, pp.149-153.

Blee, Kathleen and Amy McDowell (2013) ‘The duality of spectacle and secrecy: a case study of fraternalism in the 1920s US Ku Klux Klan,’ Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36:2, pp.249-265.

Bok, Sissela (1982) Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation, New York: Pantheon Books.

Bonhomme, Julien (2012) ‘The dangers of anonymity: Witchcraft, rumor, and modernity in Africa,’ HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 2:2, pp.205-233.

Boyer, Paul (2011) ‘I’ve Got a Secret: The Social Cost of Official Deception’, Diplomatic History, 35:4, pp.695-699.

Boyne, Roy (2000) ‘Post-panopticism’, Economy and Society, 29:2, pp.285-307.

Bratich, Jack (2006) ‘Public Secrecy and Immanent Security: A Strategic Analysis,’ Cultural Studies 20:4–5, pp.493–511.

Brin, David (1998) The Transparent Society, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Longman.

Broeders, Dennis (2016) ‘The secret in the Information Society,’ Philosophy & Technology, 29:3, pp.293-305.

Brooks, Rosa (2012) ‘Shadow Wars: What the difference between a spook and a special operator’, Foreign Policy, 20 September 2012, available online at: http://foreignpolicy.com/2012/09/20/shadow-wars/ [accessed 1 September 2017].

Brown, Jonathan N. (2014) ‘The sound of silence: Power, secrecy, and international audiences in US military basing negotiations,’ Conflict Management and Peace Science, 31: 4, pp.406-431.

Brownlee, John S. (2000) ‘Why Prewar Japanese Historians Did Not Tell the Truth,’ Historian 62:2, pp.343- 56.

Brunon-Ernst, Anne (ed) (2013) Beyond Foucault: New perspectives on Bentham’s panopticon, London: Ashgate Publishing.

Brunton, Finn, and Helen Nissenbaum (2015) Obfuscation: A user’s guide for privacy and protest, Boston: MIT Press.

Calo, M. Ryan, (2011) ‘The drone as a privacy catalyst’, Stanford Law Review Online, 64, p.29.

Calo, Ryan (2016) ‘Can Americans Resist Surveillance?. The University of Chicago Law Review, 23-43.

Carson, Austin (2016) ‘Facing off and saving face: covert intervention and escalation management in the Korean War,’ International Organization 70:1, pp.103-131.

Caruth, Cathy (2010) ‘Lying and History,’ In Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics, edited by Roger Berkowitz, Jeffrey Katz, and Thomas Keenan, New York: Fordham University Press, pp.79–92.

Chambers, Simone (2004) ‘Behind closed doors: Publicity, secrecy, and the quality of deliberation’, Journal of Political Philosophy 12:4, pp.389–410.

Connelly, Eric (2012) ‘State secrets and redaction: The interaction between silence and ideographs,’ Western Journal of Communication, 76:3, pp.236-249.

Croissant, Jennifer L. (2014) ‘Agnotology: Ignorance and absence or towards a sociology of things that aren’t there,’ Social Epistemology, 28:1, pp.4-25.

Cohen, Stanley (2001) States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering. Malden, MA: Polity.

Colaresi, Michael P. (2014) Democracy Declassified: The Secrecy Dilemma in National Security, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cole, David (2011) ‘Confronting the Wizard of Oz: National security, expertise, and secrecy,’ Connecticut Law Review, 44, pp.1627-1635.

Conner, Sean (2015) The Securitization of Secrecy: The role of leaks in determining the function of secrecy in International Relations, MSc Dissertation

Coser, Lewis A. (1963) ‘The dysfunctions of military secrecy,’ Social Problems, 11:1, pp.13-22.

Costas, Jana and Christopher Grey (2014) ‘Bringing secrecy into the open: Towards a theorization of the social processes of organisational secrecy,’ Organisation Studies, 35:10, pp.1423-1447.

Cubitt, Geoffrey (2013) ‘Conspiracism, secrecy and security in restoration France: denouncing the Jesuit menace’, Historical Social Research, 38:1, pp.107-128.

Davis, Sophia (2008) ‘Cultural geographies in practice: Military landscapes and secret science: the case of Orford Ness,’ Cultural Geographies, 15:1, pp.143-149.

Davis, Charles N., and Michelle Albert (2011) ‘Using secrecy to fight terrorism? Access, homeland security, and the ‘mosaic theory’ as a rationale for closure,’ Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 25:2, pp.251-259.

Day, Sophie, and Celia Lury (2017) ‘New technologies of the observer: #BringBack, visualization and disappearance,’ Theory, Culture & Society, 34:7-8, pp.51-74.

Dean, Jodi (2002) Publicity’s Secret: How Technoculture Capitalizes on Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Dean, Jodi (2004) ‘Secrecy since september 11,’ Interventions, 6:3, pp.362-380.

Dean, Robert (2011) ‘Introduction: Cultures of Secrecy in Postwar America,’ Diplomatic History 35:4, pp.611-613.

De Certeau, Michel (1992) The mystic fable, volume one: The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Chapter 3.

Debord, Guy (1998) Comments on the Society of the Spectacle, New York: Verso.

de Goede, Marieke, and Mara Wesseling (2017) ‘Secrecy and security in transatlantic terrorism finance tracking,’ Journal of European Integration, 39:3, pp.253-269.

Dennis, Michael Aaron (1999) ‘Secrecy and science revisited: from politics to historical practice and back,’ Secrecy and Knowledge Production, 23, pp.1-16.

Dingli, Sophia (2015) ‘We need to talk about silence: Re-examining silence in International Relations theory,’ European Journal of International Relations 21:4, pp.721-742.

Dixit, Priya (2014) ‘Decolonizing visuality in security studies: reflections on the death of Osama bin Laden,’ Critical Studies on Security 2:3, pp.337-351.

Charles, Douglas, M.  (2012) ‘Communist and Homosexual: The FBI, Harry Hay, and the Secret Side of the Lavender Scare, 1943–1961’, American Communist History, 11:1, pp.101-124,

Dufresne, Ronald L., and Evan H. Offstein (2008) ‘On the virtues of secrecy in organizations,’ Journal of Management Inquiry, 17:2, pp.102-106.

Ekman, Paul (2009) Telling Lies: Clues to Deceit in the Marketplace, Politics, and Marriage. New York: Norton.

Ekman, Paul and Wallace V. Friesen (1974) ‘Detecting Deception from the Body or Face,’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 29:3, pp.288-98.

Ellington, Thomas C. (2011) ‘Secrecy and Disclosure: Policies and Consequences in the American Experience’, in Susan Maret (ed) Government Secrecy, Bingley: Emerald House, pp.67-90

Ellsberg, Daniel (2010) ‘Secrecy and national security whistleblowing,’ Social Research, 77:3, pp.773–804.

Erickson, Bonnie H. (1981) ‘Secret Societies and Social Structure,’ Social Forces, 60:1, pp.188-210.

Faulkner, Robert R. (1993) ‘The Social Organization of Conspiracy: Illegal Networks in the Heavy Electrical Equipment Industry,’ American Sociological Review, 58:6, pp.837-60.

Fenster, Mark (2014) ‘The implausibility of secrecy’, Hastings Law Journal, 64, pp.309–363.

Fenster, Mark (1999) Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and power in American culture, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Fenster, Mark (2005) ‘The opacity of transparency,’ Iowa Law Review, 91, pp.885-949.

Fenster, Mark (2010) ‘Seeing the State: Transparency as Metaphor’, Administrative Law Review, 62:3, pp.617-672.

Fenster, Mark (2012) ‘Disclosure’s Effects: Wikileaks and Transparency’, Iowa Law Review, 97:3, available online at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1797945

Fenster, Mark (2017) The Transparency Fix: Secrets, Leaks, and Uncontrollable Government Information, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Fine, Gary Alan and Lori Holyfield (1996) ‘Secrecy, Trust, and Dangerous Leisure: Generating Group Cohesion in Voluntary Organizations,’ Social Psychological Quarterly 59:1, pp.22-38.

Finn, Peter (2019) ‘Freedom of information legislation and the democratic oversight narrative’, Critical Military Studies, https://doi.org/10.1080/23337486.2019.1687997

Florini, Ann (2000) ‘The end of secrecy,’ Power and Conflict in the Age of Transparency, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.13-28.

Forsyth, Isla (2013) ‘Subversive patterning: The surficial qualities of camouflage,’ Environment and Planning A, 45:5, pp.1037-1052.

Forsyth, Isla (2014) ‘Designs on the desert: camouflage, deception and the militarization of space,’ Cultural Geographies, 21:2, pp.247-265.

Fox, Jonathan (2007) ‘The uncertain relationship between transparency and accountability’, Development in Practice, 17:4-5, pp.663-671.

Francois, Anne-Lise (2008) Open Secrets: The Literature of Uncounted Experience, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Friedman, Andrea (2005) ‘The smearing of Joe McCarthy: The lavender scare, gossip, and Cold War politics,’ American Quarterly, 57:4, pp.1105-1129.

Frost, Stuart (2008) ‘Secret museums: Hidden histories of sex and sexuality,’ Museums & Social Issues, 3:1, pp.29-40.

Fuji, Lee Ann (2010) ‘Shades of truth and lies: Interpreting testimonies of war and violence,’ Journal of Peace Research, 47:2, pp.231–241.

Fukuyama, Francis (2006) ‘The America War of Secrecy’, The New York Times, 8 Oct 2006, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/08/books/review/Fukuyama.t.html

Gable, Eric (1997) ‘A Secret Shared: Field work and the Sinister in a West African Village,’ Cultural Anthropology 12:2, pp.213-233.

Galison, Peter (2004) ‘Removing knowledge,’ Critical Inquiry, 31:1, pp.229–243.

Galison, Peter (2010) ‘Secrecy in three acts,’ Social Research, 77:3, pp.941–974.

Gibbs, David N. (1995) ‘Secrecy and international relations,’ Journal of Peace Research 32:2, pp.213-228.

Gibson, David R. (2012) Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Gibson David R. (2014) ‘Enduring illusions: The social organisation of secrecy and deception,’ Sociological Theory, 32:4, pp.283–306.

Gilbert, Jeremy (2007) ‘Public Secrets: ‘Being-with’ in an era of perpetual disclosure,’ Cultural Studies, 21:1, pp.22-41.

Gladwell, Malcolm (2007) ‘Open Secrets: Enron, Intelligence, and the Perils of Too Much Information,’ The New Yorker, January 8, pp.44-53.

Glissant, Édouard (2007) ‘For opacity,’ Poetics of Relation, pp.189-94.

González, Jennifer (2009) ‘The Face and the Public: Race, Secrecy, and Digital Art Practice,’ Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 70, 24:1, pp.37-65.

Goold, Benjamin (2002) ‘Privacy Rights and Public Spaces: CCTV and the Problem of the “Unobservable Observer,’ Criminal Justice Ethics, 21, pp.21-27.

Gowder, Paul (2006) ‘Secrecy as Mystification of Power: Meaning and Ethics in the Security State,’ I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 2:1, pp.1-25.

Grayson, Kyle (2010) ‘Dissidence, Richard K. Ashley, and the politics of silence’, Review of International Studies, 36:4, pp.1005-1019.

Greenberg, Andy (2013) ‘Leaked NSA Doc Says It Can Collect and Keep Your Encrypted Data as Long as It Takes to Crack It,’ Forbes, June 20. http://www.forbes.com/sites/ andygreenberg/2013/06/20/leaked-nsa-doc-says-it-can-collect-and-keep-your-encrypted-data-as-long- as-it-takes-to-crack-it.

Gregory, Derek (2010) ‘Vanishing points: Law, violence and exception in the global war prison’, in: Gregory, Derek and Pred, A. (eds.) Violent Geographies: fear, terror and political violence, New York: Routledge.

Grondin, David and Nisha Shah (2015) ‘Secrets’ in Mark Salter (ed.) Making Things International: Catalysts and Reactions, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp.92-105.

Gustafsson, Henrik (2013) ‘Foresight, Hindsight and State Secrecy in the American West: The Geopolitical Aesthetics of Trevor Paglen’, Journal of Visual Culture, 12:1, pp. 148-164

Gusterson, Hugh (1996) Nuclear Rites: A Weapons Laboratory at the End of the Cold War, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gusterson, Hugh (1997) ‘Studying Up Revisited,’ PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropological Review, 20:1, pp.114-119.

Gusterson, Hugh (1999) ‘Secrecy, Authorship And Nuclear Weapons Scientists,’ In Reppy (ed) Secrecy and Knowledge Production 62, pp.57-75.

Hadley, David P. (2015) ‘A Constructive Quality: The Press, The CIA, and Covert Intervention in the 1950s,’ Intelligence and National Security, 31:2, pp.246-265.

Haggerty, Kevin D. and Richard V. Ericson (2000) ‘The surveillant assemblage,’ The British Journal of Sociology 51:4, pp.605-622.

Hall, Harry Thomas (2005) ‘Exploring the Relationship Between U.S. Governmental Secrecy And Democracy: Classification, Cultures of Secrecy, and the Public Sphere, PhD Thesis

Hardon, Anita an Deborah Posel (2012) ‘Secrecy as embodied practice: beyond the confessional imperative’, Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14:S1, pp.1-13.

Haraway, Donna (1988) ‘Situated knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective,’ Feminist studies, 14:3, pp.575-599.

Harrington, Brooke (ed.) (2009) Deception: From Ancient Empires to Internet Dating, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Hay, Colin (2014) ‘Neither real nor fictitious but ‘as if real’? A political ontology of the state,’ British Journal of Sociology 65:3, pp.459–480.

Hetherington, Kevin and Nick Lee (2000) ‘Social order and the blank figure’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 18:2, pp.169-184.

Hoerl, Kristen and Erin Ortiz (2015) ‘Organizational Secrecy and the FBI’s COINTELPRO–Black Nationalist Hate Groups Program, 1967-1971,’ Management Communication Quarterly, 29:4, pp.590-615.

Horn, Eva (2011) ‘Logics of political secrecy,’ Theory, Culture & Society, 28:7–8, pp.103–122.

Horn, Eva (2013) The Secret War: Treason, espionage, and modern fiction, Chicago: Northwestern University Press.

Horton, Scott (2015) Lords of Secrecy: The National Security Elite and America’s Stealth Warfare, New York: Nation Books.

Joh, Elizabeth (2013) ‘Privacy Protests: Surveillance Evasion and Fourth Amendment Suspicion,’ Arizona Law Review, 55:4, pp.997­1029.

Johnson, Chalmers (2006) The sorrows of empire: Militarism, secrecy, and the end of the republic, New York: Verso Books.

Johnson, L. K., Aldrich, R. J., Moran, C., Barrett, D. M., Hastedt, G., Jervis, R., Krieger, W., McDermott, R., Omand, D., Phythian, M. and Wark, W. K. (2014) An INS Special Forum: Implications of the Snowden Leaks, Intelligence and National Security, 29:6, pp.793-810.

Joseph, Michael F., and Michael Poznansky (2017) ‘Media technology, covert action, and the politics of exposure,’ Journal of Peace Research, https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343317731508

Jütte, Daniel (2015) The Age of Secrecy: Jews, Christians, and the Economy of Secrets, 1400-1800, Yale: Yale University Press.

Kasimis, Demetra (2016) ‘Plato’s Open Secret’, Contemporary Political Theory, 15, pp.339-357.

Kearns, Oliver (2016) ‘State secrecy, public assent, and representational practices of US covert action,’ Critical Studies on Security, 4:3, pp.276-290.

Kearns, Oliver (2017) ‘Secrecy and absence in the residue of covert drone strikes,’ Political Geography, 57, pp.13-23.

Kempner, Joanna, Jon F. Merz, and Charles L. Bosk (2011) ‘Forbidden knowledge: Public controversy and the production of nonknowledge,’ In Sociological Forum, 26:3, pp.475-500.

Kibbe, Jennifer D. (2012) ‘Conducting Shadow Wars,’ Journal of National Security Law and Policy, 5:2, pp.373-392.

Kibbe, Jennifer D. (2007) ‘Covert action and the Pentagon,’ Intelligence and National Security, 22:1, pp. 57-74.

Thomas G. Kirsch, ‘Secrecy and the Epistemophilic Other,” in Roy Dilley and Thomas G. Kirsch, (eds.) Regimes of ignorance: anthropological perspectives on the production and reproduction of non-knowledge. (New York: Berghahn Books, 2015):188-208.

Ku, Agnes S. (1998) ‘Boundary politics in the public sphere: Openness, secrecy, and leak,’ Sociological Theory, 16:2, pp.172–192.

Kumar, Deepa, and Arun Kundnani (2014) ‘Imagining national security: The CIA, Hollywood, and the War on Terror,’ Democratic Communiqué, 26:2, http://journals.fcla.edu/demcom/article/view/83968

Latham, Robert (2016) The Politics of Evasion: A post-globalization dialogue along the edge of the state, London: Routledge.

Latham, Robert (2014) ‘The Governance of Visibility: Bodies, Information, and the Politics of Anonymity across the US-Mexico Borderlands,’ Alternatives, 39:1, pp.17-36.

Larkin, Sean P. (2016) ‘The Age of Transparency: International Relations Without Secrets,’ Foreign Affairs, 95, pp.136.

Lefebvre, Stéphane (2013) ‘A Brief Genealogy of State Secrecy,’ Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 31:1, pp.95-114, https://ojs.uwindsor.ca/ojs/leddy/index.php/WYAJ/article/view/4312/3366

Leistert, Oliver (2012) ‘Resistance against cyber-surveillance within social movements and how surveillance adapts,’ Surveillance & Society, 9:4, pp.441-456.

Lessig, Lawrence (2009) ‘Against Transparency’, The New Republic, October 9, https://newrepublic.com/article/70097/against-transparency

Lester, L. and Hutchins, B. (2012) ‘The power of the unseen: environmental conflict, the media and invisibility’, Media, Culture & Society, 34;7, pp.847-863.

Lewis, Lionel S. (2013) ‘The Confidence Game: Backstage, the Accomplices,’ Society, 50:4, pp.365-78.

Lindley, Dan (2007) Promoting Peace with Information: Transparency as a tool of security regimes, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Lindelauf, Roy, Peter Borm, and Herbert Hamers (2008) ‘The influence of secrecy on the communication structure of covert networks,’ 31:2, pp.126-137.

Liste-Noya, José, and Eduardo Barros-Grela, (eds.) (2011) American secrets: The politics and poetics of secrecy in the literature and culture of the United States, Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Lochrie, Karma (2011) Covert Operations: The medieval uses of secrecy, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Logan, Sarah (2017) ‘The needle and the damage done:
Of haystacks and anxious panopticons’, Big Data & Society, 1–13.

Loock, Ulrich (2013) ‘Opacity,’ Frieze, 7 November, http://www.frieze-magazin.de/archiv/features/opazitaet/?lang=en

Lorenzini, Daniele, and Martina Tazzioli (2016) ‘Confessional Subjects and Conducts of Non-Truth: Foucault, Fanon, and the Making of the Subject,’ Theory, Culture & Society, 35:1, pp.71-90.

Losoncz, Mark (2016) ‘Engagement against/for secrecy,’ Filozofija i drustvo, 27:2, pp.419-428.

Lowry, Ritchie P. (1972) ‘Toward a Sociology of Secrecy and Security Systems,’ Social Problems, 19:4, pp.437-50.

Luban, David (1999) ‘Contrived Ignorance,’ Georgetown Law Journal, 87, pp.957-980.

Luhrmann, Tanya M. (1989) ‘The magic of secrecy,’ Ethos, 17:2, pp.131-165.

Luscombe, Alex (2017) ‘Deception Declassified: The Social Organisation of Cover Storying in a Secret Intelligence Operation,’ Sociology, https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038516657949

Lyon, David (1991) ‘Bentham’s panopticon: From moral architecture to electronic surveillance,’ Queen’s Quarterly, 98:3, pp.596-617.

Lyon, David (2007) Surveillance Studies: An Overview, London: Polity.

Macknik, Stephen L. and Susana Martinez-Conde (2010) Sleights of Mind: What the Neuroscience of Magic Reveals about Our Everyday Deceptions. New York: Henry Holt.

Manderson, Lenore, Mark Davis, Chip Colwell, and Tanja Ahlin (2015) ‘On secrecy, disclosure, the public, and the private in anthropology,’ Current Anthropology, 56: S12, pp.183-190.

Maret, Susan (ed.) (2011) Government Secrecy, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing.

Maret, Susan (2016) ‘The Charm of Secrecy: Secrecy and Society as Secrecy Studies,’ Secrecy and Society, 1:1, http://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/secrecyandsociety/vol1/iss1/1

Martin, Greg, Rebecca Scott Bray, and Miiko Kumar (eds.) (2015) Secrecy, law and society, London: Routledge.

Marx, Gary T. (2003) ‘A Tack in the Shoe: Neutralizing and Resisting the New Surveillance’, Journal of Social Issues, 59:2, pp.369­390.

Masco, Joseph (2002) ‘Lie detectors: On secrets and hypersecurity in Los Alamos,’ Public Culture, 14:3, pp.441–467.

Masco, Joseph (2006) The Nuclear Borderlands: The Manhattan Project in Post-Cold War New Mexico, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Masco, Joseph (2010) ‘“Sensitive but Unclassified”: Secrecy and the Counterterrorist State,’ Public Culture, 22:3, pp.433-463.

McCarthy, Daniel R. and Matthew Fluck (2017) ‘The concept of transparency in International Relations: Towards a critical approach,’ European Journal of International Relations, 23:2, pp.416-440.

McIntire, Gabrielle (2012) ‘Toward a Narratology of Passing: Epistemology, Race, and Misrecognition in Nella Larsen’s Passing,’ Callaloo, 35:3, pp.778-794.

McPherson, Tara (2012) ‘Why are the digital humanities so white? Or thinking the histories of race and computation,’ in Debates in the Digital Humanities, pp.139-160, http://dhdebates.gc.cuny.edu/debates/text/29

Mearsheimer, John J. (2011) Why Leaders Lie: The Truth about Lying in International Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Medina, Jameelah X. (2010) ‘Body politicking and the phenomenon of “passing”’, Feminism & Psychology, 21:1, pp.138-143.

Melley, Timothy (2012) The Covert Sphere: Secrecy, Fiction, and the National Security State. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Miller, David A. (1985) ‘Secret Subjects, Open Secrets’, Dickens Studies Annual, 14, pp.17-38.

Miller, David A. (1988) The novel and the police. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.

Miller, Paul D. (2010) ‘In defense of secrecy’, Foreign Policy, 14 December 2010, http://foreignpolicy.com/2010/12/14/in-defense-of-secrecy/

Monahan, Torin and Jill Fisher (2014) ‘Strategies for Obtaining Access to Secretive or Guarded Organizations,’ Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 44:6, pp.1-28.

Murakami Wood, David (2014) ‘Vanishing surveillance: Ghost-hunting in the ubiquitous surveillance society,’ in Henriette Steiner and Kristin Veel (eds) Invisibility Studies: Surveillance, transparency and the hidden in contemporary cultures, New York: Peter Lang pp.281-300.

Nagel, Thomas (1998) ‘Concealment and Exposure’, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 27:1, pp.3-30.

Nath, Anjali (2014) ‘Beyond the Public Eye: On FOIA Documents and the Visual Politics of Redaction’, Cultural Studies <=> Critical Methodologies, 14, pp.21-28.

Neocleous, Mark (2002) ‘Privacy, Secrecy, Idiocy,’ Social Research, 69:1, pp.85-110.

Nisetich, Rebecca (2013) ‘Reading Race in Nella Larsen’s Passing and the Rhinelander Case,’ African American Review, 46:2, pp.345-361.

Nuttall, Sarah and Achille Mbembe (2015) ‘Secrecy’s softwares,’ Current Anthropology, 56:S12, 317-324.

Nyberg, David (1993) The Varnished Truth: Truth Telling and Deceiving in Everyday Life, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Omand, David (2008) ‘Can we have the Pleasure of the Grin without Seeing the Cat? Must the Effectiveness of Secret Agencies Inevitably Fade on Exposure to the Light?’, Intelligence and National Security, 23:5, pp.593-607.

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SIGNET is a collaborative initiative between researchers based at the University of Bath, University of Bristol, Cardiff University, and the University of Exeter with members of the network across the UK, the Netherlands, France, Mexico, the US and Canada. SIGNET research focuses on the power and politics of secrecy and ignorance - at the global, international, state, societal and personal level.

With revelations associated with the War on Terror and the #metoo movement, calls for transparency and ‘open societies’, new technological developments (including ‘deep fakes’ and cyberthreats), the re-emergence of discourses of ‘fake news’, the deepening of conspiracy cultures, along with the ongoing struggles of marginalised communities to be recognised and understood have resulted in an increased need to understand the political and social dimensions of secrecy and ignorance. Our work therefore reflects an urgent and ongoing ambition to rethink secrecy and ignorance as forces for driving contemporary social and political developments.

For more information, please visit our Research and People pages. We welcome new visitors and collaborations, including with artists. Do get in touch.